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Relationship Between Law, Poverty and Development: India

Author- Nikhil Anand

Designation- B.Com L.L.B student, Amity Law School, Noida

Contact - 770*******



Economists consider poverty as a severe indisposition, which hurts economic growth and development. The poor and poverty are historical, and their concerns seem to be as old as human history. The article examines the link between poverty and development in the Indian context. Numerous studies and scientists have linked poverty with social inequalities. The document is similar and tries to connect these two aspects with different development opportunities. The upper castes, especially the dominant castes, and especially the top ones, which dominate all the main political parties in the country, have allied to the path of development and have reaped the same. As a result, the lower boxes remain penniless and underdeveloped. The development itself is, therefore, biased. The document also suggests ways to get out of such a rugged environment.


Several studies have found a similar link between poverty and social stratification. Some social scientists have put it bluntly:

"There is a link between poverty and social inequality."

No one can agree with both statements. I want to add that poverty and social inequalities complement and feed each other. The relationship between them is different from each other, and It is a socio-economic problem that crosses the limits of the economic sphere and includes other aspects, such as the inability to participate in social and political life.


The word "poor" is an adjective of the word "poverty" and seen as an economic and social difference between people. Poverty exists in all countries and societies and has various aspects such as loss of income, hunger, dangerous environment, etc. The word "poor" is an adjective of the word "poverty" and is seen as an economic and social difference between people. Poverty exists in all countries and societies and has several aspects, such as income reduction, hunger, the dangerous environment, etc. The importance of debt has changed over time and varies not only from one society to another but also within the same culture.

Poverty is one of the biggest and most pressing problems in the Indian economy. Every fourth person sleeps without food every day.

Fifty percent of children in our country suffer from malnutrition. According to the World Hunger Index 2011, the country is ranked 73 with fifteen countries among us. In 2010, eight Indian states - Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh ,and West Bengal - had a total population of 420 million or more than 410 million.


Therefore, they intervene at a high level across the state in the context of welfare/ developmentalism by launching various regimes and programs:

Despite the donation of a few cents or an acre or two, which is not uncertain; As part of the housing program, the construction of a building with spaces whose lives may not even work for themselves / for the first beneficiary; Give loans or grants and ask for forgiveness later, grant them as a political benefit and call through the media and public platforms. And many other similar programs. Until the time of economic reforms, the government had full control over educational systems from primary school to university. He was responsible for the needs, aspirations, and demands of people. Caste and middle- and lower-class students received high-quality training from qualified teachers, enabling them to become doctors, engineers, officials, teachers, even networks and other dedicated people with minimal cost with Training costs.

Thanks to this educational and professional mobility, these people can improve their social and economic status. These courses can also benefit from free and special treatment in public hospitals.

Globalization (also used as a pseudonym for liberalization, privatization, and globalization) has worsened the situation with a growing gap between rich and poor, falling wages in real contexts, and associated social and political tensions. Therefore, it can said that the globalization process began with a crisis in development policy and the perspectives of the state in the country.

Peculiar Process

Developmentalism/ Welfare, undoubtedly more vigorous without exposing corruption and without a central role, with a more significant commitment to those who need it necessary. The precise mechanism should be free in this regard and should be held even less responsible for any errors in the implementation of plans and programs. However, benefits should not increase in the form of unemployment, but as a fundamental responsibility of the state.

Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line [1993-2012]

6.9% of the population still lives below the national poverty line and 3% in extreme poverty (December 2018).

These estimates of the bulk of poverty suggests that the striking feature of the Indian experience the variation in rates of progress across countries.


Possibly, due to the authority of the state/government. The country has seen remarkable changes and progress in ten to fifteen years. To do this, the necessary conditions must create. Civil society organizations and social scientists can play a catalytic role in changing people's false consciousness. If people realize the "power of the ballot" and the ruling classes should not tempt them to make short-term gains, they will seal their fate for the next five years, at least with the emergence of an egalitarian society, inequalities in education, health and employment at all costs and, the almost complete lack of opportunities will not disappear. It is not a dream, but I hope that India with the most significant democratic thought, can achieve it.



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