Shri Ram Mandir: an unconquerable idol of Indian Culture
NAME: Ashwina Yadav
DESIGNATION: Law Student
E-MAIL ADDRESS: ashwinayadav12579gmail.com
Ram is not merely a name from the ancient civilization. It is the identity, a value that is still alive in the hearts of the people. He is the symbol of love, adventure, politics, battles, and victory. Srimad Valmiki’s Ramayana regards Ram as Maryada Purushottam and Tulsidas’ Ramacharitmanas regards Ram as supernatural, Supreme being, a God-incarnate who descended into the human world to destroy the demons and protect the people. Ram Rajya has always represented the idol of governance. India is the homeland to Ram, Ayodhya is the birthplace of Ran where he was brought up and ruled. It is natural that to place has been an object of deepest devotion for people through the millennia. Ram Mandir is not merely a structure, it is the unequaled symbol of our owners' integration. The Hindus had been trying for centuries to reacquire access to the spot and to reconstruct the magnificent temple of Shri Ram.
Various attempts were made to claim the land legally, the first legal case for repossession of Ramjanambhoomi was filed by Mahant Raghubardas in 1885, even after winning the case the Hindu didn’t get the Janam bhumi. After independence in 1949, an idol of Ram appeared inside the main building, which remained closed since 1934. The same law okayed it and the same law enforcing courts granted the Hindus the right to worship and injuncted against the removal of idols. The mosque was cleaned and rededicated as a Hindu temple, but thereafter it was closed again and it remained so until 1986. A fresh new legal suit was filed in the name of Shri Ram himself by Shri Deovkinandan Agarwal for declaration of title and possession in favor of the deity in 1989. In the same year, UP Government asked for a special bench of three judges to hear all the pending and present cases related to Ramjanambhoomi, and the application was granted. On December 6, 1992, the 16th-century Babri mosque in Ayodhya was destroyed by Hindu militants. This event popularised the conflicts internationally and further led to bloody riots in the country as well as the neighbor Bangladesh.
The chronology reveals that the Hindus never ceased claiming the site and brought out their relentless struggle to regain it. On August 1, 2002, a three-judge bench of Allahabad high court ordered archaeological investigations and askes archaeological survey of India (ASI) to undertake the evacuation site and to ascertain whether the temple existed before the Babri masjid. The ASI after completing its investigation concluded the report by stating that
‘the Archaeological evidence is indicative of remains which are distinctive features found associated with the temple of North India. There is sufficient proof of existence in the existence of massive and monumental structure having a minimum dimension of 50x30 meters in the north-south and east-west directions, respectively just below the disputed structure’.
The ASI report was highly disputed and was questioned by many reputed historians. The report was accused of misinterpretation and ignorance of the findings.
After thorough studies and interpretations, a conclusive report was prepared and cross-examined. The validity of different interpretations and the expertise of judgment between the interpretations become the question. After the judges give their verdict based on the report, the disputed facts no longer stayed disputed. The Allahabad High Court on September 30, 2010, ruling majority that the disputed land will be divided into three parts: the site of the Ram Lala idol to Ram, Nirmohi Akhara gets Sita Rasoi and Ram Chabutra, Sunni Wakf Board gets the rest. The Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha and Sunni Waqf Board moved to the Supreme Court of India, challenging part of the Allahabad High Court’s verdict in December 2010. The Supreme Court of India admitted the batch of appeals from both Hindu and Muslim organizations stayed the High Court order on May 9, 2011, splitting the disputed site into three parts and said that the status quo will remain.
In February last year, Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi formed a five-judge bench under him, and proposed a court-monitored mediation; Former SC Judge Justice FM Kalifulla, Sri Ravi Shankar, and senior advocate Sriram Panchu were in the mediation panel. The mediation began on March 13, 2019, at Awadh University in Faizabad. Seven rounds of discussion took place but it didn’t yield results. On August 2, 2019, the court decided to start regular hearings from August 6. The apex court heard the case regularly for 40 days and in the last 11 days, one extra hour was given for parties to complete their arguments. The arguments from all sides in the case were completed on October 16 and the judgment was reserved.
The Supreme Court on November 9, 2019, cleared the way for the construction of a Ram Temple at the disputed site at Ayodhya and directed the Centre to allot a 5-acre plot to the Sunni Waqf Board for building a mosque. In one of the most important and most anticipated judgements in India’s history, a 5-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi put an end to the more than a century-old dispute that has torn the social fabric of the nation.
The auspicious ceremony is a culmination of years of struggle, penance, sacrifices, forbearance, and resistance of millions against violent religious invasions, colonial rule, and conversions over centuries. It is the people’s unstinted faith in Sri Rama that has led to the historic moment in Ayodhya which will now be a symbol of the rich culture, heritage, and civilisational renaissance, putting it in on a special place on the global map. With the foundation stone made of pure silver weighing 22,600 gm installed at the Ram Janmabhoomi, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the wait of millions from is over. Rama is home on Aug 5, 2020, in the unconquerable city of Ayodhya.