Author: Deobrat S. Gaur
Designation: BCom LLB (H) Specialisation in Taxation Laws, UPES
Email ID: Deobrat11Gaur@gmail.com
The union cabinet has finally acknowledging the difference and the loophole in the Indian education system as per the dynamic changing society and the dynamics in the education requirement in order to cater the aspiration and need of the India in 21st century.Not only education policy but also cabinet reached to the consensus of renaming the MHRD into Ministry of Education.
It is to be noted that the last national education policy was made in back 1986 and was
amended in 1992, hence it is the first new education policy in last 34 years which the India has witnessed.
The new education policy is based on the report submitted a committe which comprised pundits and was headed by the vetera space scientist K. Kasturirangan.
The draft of new education policy was submitted by K. Kasturirangan in December 2018 and which was open to suggestions , discussions and feedback and was made public after the completion of elections of the Lok Sabha in 2019.
The vision of New education policy is to get the ratio of gross enrolment in school education (GER) to 100% by the year 2030.
And to reincarnate Indian image as the global leader in education , by providing exhaustive, comprehensive education to all .
To raise the spending of public by centre and state to 6 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEP
Education in school
To universalise the Education from preschool to secondary level. The right of the children to access free and compulsory education will be extended to include the children between 3years to 18 years age group
To universalise the education from Pre-school to Secondary school , and to get the ratio of gross enrolment in school education (GER) to 100% by the year 2030.
To grow analytical skill amongst the students the subjects like coding and vocational studies are added in the curriculum from class6 onwards
The meduim of instruction till class 5 will be the mother tounge of the child.
The present structure of 10+2 will be re-incarnated in new format i.e 5(from age 3-8)+3 (from age 9-11)+4(from age 11-14)+4(from age 14-18)
Breakfast- In addition to the mid-day meal , provison for breakfast is to be made , in-order to keep children energtic and active.
The board examination will be made easier , and the students wil be at the liberty to give exam twice as per their choice.
The content of the subjects would be reviewed and the extra , unuseful part would be deleted and to boost the students to develop more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
The National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy would make sure that basic level skills should be cultivated till class 3 by 2025
The degree of Phil will be removed.
For all higher education except medical, legal , there would exist a new umbrella regulator.
In order to make transaction between institutions effortless an academic bank of credit would be made.
The Four year degree for undergraduate would have several entry and exit points for the students.
The aim is to double the education enrolment ratio GER in higher eduaction from 26.8% as recorded in 2018 to 50 % by 2035.
The system of affiliation of college is to be phased in every 15years , inorder to ensure that the college should get entitled the status of automous institution or a constituent college of a university.
The NEP aims to formulate an auntomous body , basically a forum of national educational technology which boost the exchange of ideas on the proper usage of technology to double the results of assessment , learning , administration and planning.
A technology unit would develop digital education resources which will coordinate digital infrastructure, content and capacity building.
Creation Special Educational Zones
Special status such as Special Educational Zones to be provided to the states in which the majority of the students are facing the problems such as economic , social, or castism or racism which is creating detriment to the education of the children.
Qualification of Teacher
The minimum eligibility of the teacher by 2030 will be the integrated course of B.ED of 4 years.
To bridge the digital divide in the present system the teachers would be provided training to learn the online educational methods/
Scholarships And Financial Assistance
Scholarships and Financial assistance would be provided to the students belonging to the community of OBC,SC ST and other economically or socially vulnerable groups.
Education is concurrent subject , as the education falls under concurrent list , they new
educational reform can only be brought into action by the joint efforts of both centre and state in order to boost the education system. The fact that the National Higher Education Regulatory Council would the apex authority , is destined to be resented by the state government.
The promise of spending up-to 6 percent of the GDP of India to the education substantially depends on the intention and the will to stand and abide the promise by centre and state
If the new education policy which is adopted by India is brought into action and is
implemenated in the true spirts , then undoubtedly it will make a robust change in the
contemporary quality of education which would reincarnate Indian image as the global
leader in education , by providing exhaustive, comprehensive education to all .